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Principles of Judging Valence: What Makes Events Positive or Negative?

Brendl, C. Miguel and Higgins, E. Tory . (1996) Principles of Judging Valence: What Makes Events Positive or Negative? Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 28. pp. 95-160.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/68474/

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Abstract

The positivity or negativity of events is a major parameter for theorizing in diverse areas of psychology––namely, altruism, conflict, attitudes, impression formation, or conditioning. This chapter explores the impact of positivity or negativity of an event on experience and behavior, such as emotional experience or decision behavior. The positivity or negativity acquired in direct connection with some events might also vary little among or within individuals when the valences of these events are extremely positive or extremely negative. Much less attention has been devoted to factors that initially cause an event to be positive or negative, and investigators often regard it as self-evident that the valence (i.e., the positivity or negativity) of an event is fixed, as if it were an inherent property of the event. Several variables have implications for the experienced intensity of emotions––the valence quantity of an event, the importance of high-identity goals, the likelihood of an event, and the representation of an event as the presence versus the absence of a feature.
Faculties and Departments:06 Faculty of Business and Economics > Departement Wirtschaftswissenschaften > Professuren Wirtschaftswissenschaften > Marketing (Brendl)
UniBasel Contributors:Brendl, C. Miguel
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Academic Press
ISSN:0065-2601
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:17 Jan 2019 14:45
Deposited On:17 Jan 2019 14:45

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