Phosphane tuning in heteroleptic [Cu(N^N)(P^P)]+ complexes for light-emitting electrochemical cells

Brunner, Fabian and Babaei, Azin and Pertegás, Antonio and Junquera-Hernández, José M. and Prescimone, Alessandro and Constable, Edwin C. and Bolink, Henk J. and Sessolo, Michele and Ortí, Enrique and Housecroft, Catherine E.. (2019) Phosphane tuning in heteroleptic [Cu(N^N)(P^P)]+ complexes for light-emitting electrochemical cells. Dalton Transactions, 48. pp. 446-460.

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The synthesis and characterization of five [Cu(P^P)(N^N)][PF 6 ] complexes in which P^P = 2,7-bis( tert -butyl)-4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)-9,9-dimethylxanthene ( t Bu 2 xantphos) or the chiral 4,5-bis(mesitylphenylphosphino)-9,9-dimethylxanthene (xantphosMes 2 ) and N^N = 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy), 6-methyl-2,2'-bipyridine (6-Mebpy) or 6,6'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine (6,6'-Me 2 bpy) are reported. Single crystal structures of four of the compounds confirm that the copper(I) centre is in a distorted tetrahedral environment. In [Cu(xantphosMes 2 )(6-Mebpy)][PF 6 ], the 6-Mebpy unit is disordered over two equally populated orientations and this disorder parallels a combination of two dynamic processes which we propose for [Cu(xantphosMes 2 )(N^N)] + cations in solution. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveal that the energy difference between the two conformers observed in the solid-state structure of [Cu(xantphosMes 2 )(6-Mebpy)][PF 6 ] differ in energy by only 0.28 kcal mol ‒1 . Upon excitation into the MLCT region ( λ exc = 365 nm), the [Cu(P^P)(N^N)][PF 6 ] compounds are yellow to orange emitters. Increasing the number of Me groups in the bpy unit shifts the emission to higher energies, and moves the Cu + /Cu 2+ oxidation to higher potentials. Photoluminescence quantum yields (PLQYs) of the compounds are low in solution, but in the solid state, PLQYs of up to 59% (for [Cu( t Bu 2 xantphos)(6,6'-Me 2 bpy)] + ) are observed. Greatly increased excited-state lifetimes at low temperature are consistent with the complexes exhibiting thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF). This is supported by the small energy difference calculated between the lowest-energy singlet and triplet excited states (0.17-0.25 eV). The compounds were tested in simple bilayer light-emitting electrochemical cells (LECs). The optoelectronic performances of complexes containing xantphosMes 2 were generally lower with respect to those with t Bu 2 -xantphos, which led to bright and efficient devices. The best performing LECs were obtained for the complex [Cu( t Bu 2 xantphos)(6,6'-Me 2 bpy)][PF 6 ] due to the increased steric hindrance at the N^N ligand resulting in higher PLQY
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Anorganische Chemie (Constable)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Anorganische Chemie (Housecroft)
UniBasel Contributors:Housecroft, Catherine Elizabeth and Constable, Edwin Charles and Brunner, Fabian and Prescimone, Alessandro
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:20 Aug 2019 07:21
Deposited On:23 Apr 2019 10:37

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