First self-perceived signs and symptoms in emerging psychosis compared with depression

Aston, Jacqueline and Bull, Nadine and Gschwandtner, Ute and Pflueger, Marlon and Borgwardt, Stefan and Stieglitz, Rolf-Dieter and Riecher-Rössler, Anita. (2012) First self-perceived signs and symptoms in emerging psychosis compared with depression. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 6. pp. 455-459.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/68321/

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Aim: To investigate differences between the early symptoms of schizophrenia and depressive disorders. Methods: Sixty-one individuals with an at-risk mental state (ARMS), 17 of whom later made the transition to psychosis, 37 patients with a first episode of psychosis and 16 controls with depressive disorders were interviewed about first self-perceived signs and symptoms. Results: In ARMS and first episode of psychosis, on average, first self-perceived signs or symptoms had occurred about 5-6 years before the interview. In ARMS, including transition to psychosis, 'loss of energy' and 'difficulties concentrating' were the most frequently recalled first signs. There was much overlap for the four most frequently mentioned symptoms in the three groups. As compared with ARMS, controls with depressive disorders significantly more often recalled 'depression' and 'social isolation' as the very first signs of disease. Conclusions: Clinicians should consider the development of self-recalled first signs over time carefully when assessing suspected early prodromal stages of schizophrenia and beginning depressive disorder.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie (Riecher-Rössler)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie (Riecher-Rössler)
UniBasel Contributors:Riecher-Rössler, Anita
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:06 Mar 2019 10:23
Deposited On:06 Mar 2019 10:22

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