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Reduced parahippocampal cortical thickness in subjects at ultra-high risk for psychosis

Tognin, S. and Riecher-Rössler, A. and Meisenzahl, E. M. and Wood, S. J. and Hutton, C. and Borgwardt, S. J. and Koutsouleris, N. and Yung, A. R. and Allen, P. and Phillips, L. J. and McGorry, P. D. and Valli, I. and Velakoulis, D. and Nelson, B. and Woolley, J. and Pantelis, C. and McGuire, P. and Mechelli, A.. (2014) Reduced parahippocampal cortical thickness in subjects at ultra-high risk for psychosis. Psychological medicine, 44 (3). pp. 489-498.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Grey matter volume and cortical thickness represent two complementary aspects of brain structure. Several studies have described reductions in grey matter volume in people at ultra-high risk (UHR) of psychosis; however, little is known about cortical thickness in this group. The aim of the present study was to investigate cortical thickness alterations in UHR subjects and compare individuals who subsequently did and did not develop psychosis. METHOD: We examined magnetic resonance imaging data collected at four different scanning sites. The UHR subjects were followed up for at least 2 years. Subsequent to scanning, 50 UHR subjects developed psychosis and 117 did not. Cortical thickness was examined in regions previously identified as sites of neuroanatomical alterations in UHR subjects, using voxel-based cortical thickness. RESULTS: At baseline UHR subjects, compared with controls, showed reduced cortical thickness in the right parahippocampal gyrus (p < 0.05, familywise error corrected). There were no significant differences in cortical thickness between the UHR subjects who later developed psychosis and those who did not. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that UHR symptomatology is characterized by alterations in the thickness of the medial temporal cortex. We did not find evidence that the later progression to psychosis was linked to additional alterations in cortical thickness, although we cannot exclude the possibility that the study lacked sufficient power to detect such differences.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie (Riecher-Rössler)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie (Riecher-Rössler)
UniBasel Contributors:Riecher-Rössler, Anita
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
ISSN:0033-2917
e-ISSN:1469-8978
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:22 Aug 2019 13:45
Deposited On:08 Feb 2019 16:23

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