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Emergence of hidden phases of methylammonium lead iodide (CH3NH3PbI3) upon compression

Flores-Livas, Jose A. and Tomerini, Daniele and Amsler, Maximilian and Boziki, Ariadni and Rothlisberger, Ursula and Goedecker, Stefan. (2018) Emergence of hidden phases of methylammonium lead iodide (CH3NH3PbI3) upon compression. Physical Review Materials, 2 (8). 085201.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/68227/

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Abstract

We perform a thorough structural search with the minima hopping method (MHM) to explore low-energy structures of methylammonium lead iodide. By combining the MHM with a forcefield, we efficiently screen vast portions of the configurational space with large simulation cells containing up to 96 atoms. Our search reveals two structures of methylammonium iodide perovskite (MAPI) that are substantially lower in energy than the well-studied experimentally observed low-temperature Pnma orthorhombic phase according to density functional calculations. Both structures have not yet been reported in the literature for MAPI, but our results show that they could emerge as thermodynamically stable phases via compression at low temperatures. In terms of the electronic properties, the two phases exhibit larger band gaps than the standard perovskite-type structures. Hence, the pressure-induced phase selection at technologically achievable pressures (i.e., via thin-film strain) is a viable route towards the synthesis of several MAPI polymorph with variable band gaps.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Physik (Goedecker)
UniBasel Contributors:Goedecker, Stefan
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Physical Society
e-ISSN:2475-9953
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:16 Apr 2019 09:04
Deposited On:16 Apr 2019 09:04

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