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Population genomics of Bronze Age Eurasia

Allentoft, Morten E. and Sikora, Martin and Sjogren, Karl-Goran and Rasmussen, Simon and Rasmussen, Morten and Stenderup, Jesper and Damgaard, Peter B. and Schroeder, Hannes and Ahlstrom, Torbjorn and Vinner, Lasse and Malaspinas, Anna-Sapfo and Margaryan, Ashot and Higham, Tom and Chivall, David and Lynnerup, Niels and Harvig, Lise and Baron, Justyna and Casa, Philippe Della and Dabrowski, Pawel and Duffy, Paul R. and Ebel, Alexander V. and Epimakhov, Andrey and Frei, Karin and Furmanek, Miroslaw and Gralak, Tomasz and Gromov, Andrey and Gronkiewicz, Stanislaw and Grupe, Gisela and Hajdu, Tamas and Jarysz, Radoslaw and Khartanovich, Valeri and Khokhlov, Alexandr and Kiss, Viktoria and Kolar, Jan and Kriiska, Aivar and Lasak, Irena and Longhi, Cristina and McGlynn, George and Merkevicius, Algimantas and Merkyte, Inga and Metspalu, Mait and Mkrtchyan, Ruzan and Moiseyev, Vyacheslav and Paja, Laszlo and Palfi, Gyorgy and Pokutta, Dalia and Pospieszny, Lukasz and Price, T. Douglas and Saag, Lehti and Sablin, Mikhail and Shishlina, Natalia and Smrcka, Vaclav and Soenov, Vasilii I. and Szeverenyi, Vajk and Toth, Gusztav and Trifanova, Synaru V. and Varul, Liivi and Vicze, Magdolna and Yepiskoposyan, Levon and Zhitenev, Vladislav and Orlando, Ludovic and Sicheritz-Ponten, Thomas and Brunak, Soren and Nielsen, Rasmus and Kristiansen, Kristian and Willerslev, Eske. (2015) Population genomics of Bronze Age Eurasia. Nature, 522. pp. 167-172.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/68006/

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Abstract

The Bronze Age of Eurasia (around 3000–1000 BC) was a period of major cultural changes. However, there is debate about whether these changes resulted from the circulation of ideas or from human migrations, potentially also facilitating the spread of languages and certain phenotypic traits. We investigated this by using new, improved methods to sequence low-coverage genomes from 101 ancient humans from across Eurasia. We show that the Bronze Age was a highly dynamic period involving large-scale population migrations and replacements, responsible for shaping major parts of present-day demographic structure in both Europe and Asia. Our findings are consistent with the hypothesized spread of Indo-European languages during the Early Bronze Age. We also demonstrate that light skin pigmentation in Europeans was already present at high frequency in the Bronze Age, but not lactose tolerance, indicating a more recent onset of positive selection on lactose tolerance than previously thought.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Biologie > Integrative Prähistorische und Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie (IPNA)
UniBasel Contributors:Alt, Kurt W.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Macmillan
ISSN:0028-0836
e-ISSN:1476-4687
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:03 Aug 2020 14:21
Deposited On:03 Aug 2020 14:21

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