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Identifying key factors of the transmission dynamics of drug-resistant malaria

Lee, Tamsin E. and Penny, Melissa A.. (2019) Identifying key factors of the transmission dynamics of drug-resistant malaria. Journal of theoretical biology, 462. pp. 210-220.

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Abstract

Development of resistance to malaria treatments remains a great threat to continued malaria burden reduction and elimination. Quantifying the impact of key factors which increase the emergence and spread of drug resistance can guide intervention strategies. Whilst modelling provides a framework to understand these factors, we show that a simple of model with a sensitive-resistant dichotomy leads to incorrectly focusing on reducing the treatment rate as a means to prevent resistance. Instead we present a model that considers the development of resistance within hosts as a scale, and we then quantify the number of resistant infections that would arise from a single sensitive infection. By including just one step before full resistance, the model highlights that disrupting this development is more effective than reducing treatment rate. This result is compounded when the model includes the more realistic scenario of several intermediary steps. An additional comparison to transmission probabilities, where resistant infections are less likely to be transmitted (cost of resistance), confirms that preventing the establishment of resistance is more effective than controlling the spread. Our work strongly advocates for further studies into within-host models of resistance, including the potential of combination therapies to disrupt emergence.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Infectious Disease Modelling > Disease and Intervention Dynamics (Penny)
UniBasel Contributors:Penny, Melissa
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1095-8541
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:19 Sep 2019 07:48
Deposited On:15 Jan 2019 14:09

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