Physiological stress measures in preschool children and their relationship with body composition and behavioral problems

Messerli-Bürgy, Nadine and Arhab, Amar and Stülb, Kerstin and Kakebeeke, Tanja H. and Zysset, Annina E. and Leeger-Aschmann, Claudia S. and Schmutz, Einat A. and Ehlert, Ulrike and Kriemler, Susi and Jenni, Oskar G. and Munsch, Simone and Puder, Jardena J.. (2017) Physiological stress measures in preschool children and their relationship with body composition and behavioral problems. Developmental Psychobiology, 60 (8). pp. 1009-1022.

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The relationship between physiological stress measures and body composition or behavioral problems in older children remains controversial, and data in young children are lacking. The aim of the study was to investigate this relationship in predominantly healthy preschool children.; Physiological stress measures were assessed using diurnal salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) and salivary cortisol, nail cortisol and parasympathetic activation (PNS) by overnight heart rate variability, and body composition (body mass index, skinfold thickness) and behavior problems (using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire) in 324 children aged 2-6 years of the SPLASHY study.; Parasympathetic nervous system was inversely related to body fat, to emotional, and to peer problems. Diurnal sAA was related to hyperactivity problems and moderated the relationship of cortisol and hyperactivity problems. Cortisol was not related to any other health problems.; The relationship of PNS with body composition and behavioral problems might highlight the protective role of the parasympathetic system early in life.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology
07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Klinische Psychologie und Epidemiologie (Lieb)
UniBasel Contributors:Meyer, Andrea Hans
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:29 Jan 2019 18:12
Deposited On:29 Jan 2019 18:12

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