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Age differences in implicit theories about willpower: Why older people endorse a nonlimited theory

Job, Veronika and Sieber, Vanda and Rothermund, Klaus and Nikitin, Jana. (2018) Age differences in implicit theories about willpower: Why older people endorse a nonlimited theory. Psychology and Aging, 33 (6). pp. 940-952.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/66948/

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Abstract

What people believe about their capacity to exert self-control (willpower), whether it is a limited or a nonlimited resource, affects their self-regulation and well-being. The present research investigated age-related differences in people's beliefs-called implicit theories-about willpower. Study 1 (n = 802, age range 18-83 years) showed that with higher age people are more likely to believe that willpower is a nonlimited resource. Study 2 (n = 423) with younger (age 18-35 years) and older adults (age 60-98 years) replicated this finding and showed that age and a nonlimited willpower theory are related to perceived autonomy on demanding tasks (i.e., sense of self-determination), which might explain the age-related differences in willpower theories. Finally, experimental Studies 3a (n = 302) and 3b (n = 497) manipulated an autonomous mindset in younger (age 18-35 years) and older adults (age 60-87 years) and provided evidence for a causal effect of perceived autonomy on self-control-beliefs, supporting the proposed developmental mechanism. (PsycINFO Database Record
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Persönlichkeits- und Entwicklungspsychologie > Entwicklungs- und Persönlichkeitspsychologie (Nikitin)
UniBasel Contributors:Nikitin, Jana
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Psychological Association
ISSN:0882-7974
e-ISSN:1939-1498
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:28 Nov 2018 16:49
Deposited On:28 Nov 2018 16:49

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