Advances in monitoring and modelling climate at ecologically relevant scales

Bramer, Isobel and Anderson, Barbara J. and Bennie, Jonathan and Bladon, Andrew J. and De Frenne, Pieter and Hemming, Deborah and Hill, Ross A. and Kearney, Michael R. and Körner, Christian and Korstjens, Amanda H. and Lenoir, Jonathan and Maclean, Ilya M. D. and Marshall, Christopher D. and Morecroft, Michael D. and Ohlemüller, Ralf and Slater, Helen D. and Suggitt, Andrew J. and Zellweger, Florian and Gillingham, Philippa K.. (2018) Advances in monitoring and modelling climate at ecologically relevant scales. Advances in ecological research, 58. pp. 101-161.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/66631/

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Most ecological studies of the effects of climate on species are based on average conditions above ground level (measured by meteorological stations) averaged across 100 km2 or larger areas. However, most terrestrial organisms experience conditions in a much smaller area at the ground surface or within vegetation canopies, the climate of which can be very different to large-scale averages. Therefore, to accurately characterise the climatic conditions suitable for species, it is essential to include microclimate information. Microclimates are affected by the shape of the landscape, including the steepness and aspect of slopes, height above sea level, proximity to the sea or inland water, and whether a site is in a valley or at the top of a hill. Plants also modify the conditions found within or below their canopies, with the structure of vegetation playing an important role. The recent increase in the availability of microsensors and remotely sensed data at appropriate resolutions has led some ecologists to begin to include microclimate information within a variety of contexts; however the field can be confusing and intimidating and mistakes are often made along the way. In this chapter, we provide an overview of microclimatic processes and summarise the available methods of measuring and modelling microclimate data for incorporation in ecological research. We highlight pitfalls to avoid emerging novel methods and the limitations of some techniques. We also consider future research directions and opportunities within this emerging field.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Ehemalige Einheiten Umweltwissenschaften > Pflanzenökologie (Körner)
UniBasel Contributors:Körner, Christian
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:11 Sep 2020 12:20
Deposited On:11 Sep 2020 12:20

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