What influences Motivation in Physical Education? A Multilevel Approach to Identify Climate Determinants of Achievement Motivation

Niederkofler, Benjamin and Herrmann, Christian and Seiler, Sara and Gerlach, Erin. (2015) What influences Motivation in Physical Education? A Multilevel Approach to Identify Climate Determinants of Achievement Motivation. Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling, 57 (1). pp. 70-93.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/66581/

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The present research tested the longitudinal and hierarchical influences of students' climate perception on the development of achievement motives in Physical Education (PE). Students from Switzerland (N = 919; 45 classes; 50.1% female, age: M = 13.2, SD = 0.6) responded to the questionnaire. Perceived climate was measured using the German LASSO scales (Von Saldern & Littig, 1987), namely teacher care, classmate cooperativeness and satisfaction with teaching. To assess sport specific achievement motives (Hope of Success, HS; Fear of Failure, FF), we used a validated German scale from Elbe, Wenhold, and Müller (2005). Multilevel analysis revealed a link between perceived climate on change of students' motivation in PE. The investigation also identified factors determining motivation decline caused by the classroom environment and teachers. Moreover, results showed significant gender effects on both motives and a significant impact of individual teacher care on the HS. This was also found for individual and aggregated satisfaction with teaching. The latter was significant for FF on both levels. Interestingly, teacher care showed inhibitory effects on both achievement motives. These findings suggest that students in PE may have unique behaviour which requires a different teaching approach than in normal classroom. This describes a specific learning environment in PE classes. Results are discussed based on students' unique needs and gender effects.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Sport, Bewegung und Gesundheit > Bereich Sportwissenschaft > Sportwissenschaften (Pühse)
UniBasel Contributors:Herrmann, Christian and Gerlach, Erin and Niederkofler, Benjamin
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:13 Aug 2020 12:00
Deposited On:13 Aug 2020 12:00

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