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Myocardial infarction stabilization by cell-based expression of controlled Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor levels

Melly, Ludovic and Cerino, Giulia and Frobert, Aurélien and Cook, Stéphane and Giraud, Marie-Noëlle and Carrel, Thierry and Tevaearai Stahel, Hendrik T. and Eckstein, Friedrich and Rondelet, Benoît and Marsano, Anna and Banfi, Andrea. (2018) Myocardial infarction stabilization by cell-based expression of controlled Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor levels. Journal of cellular and molecular medicine, 22 (5). pp. 2580-2591.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/65688/

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Abstract

Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) can induce normal or aberrant angiogenesis depending on the amount secreted in the microenvironment around each cell. Towards a possible clinical translation, we developed a Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorting (FACS)-based technique to rapidly purify transduced progenitors that homogeneously express a desired specific VEGF level from heterogeneous primary populations. Here, we sought to induce safe and functional angiogenesis in ischaemic myocardium by cell-based expression of controlled VEGF levels. Human adipose stromal cells (ASC) were transduced with retroviral vectors and FACS purified to generate two populations producing similar total VEGF doses, but with different distributions: one with cells homogeneously producing a specific VEGF level (SPEC), and one with cells heterogeneously producing widespread VEGF levels (ALL), but with an average similar to that of the SPEC population. A total of 70 nude rats underwent myocardial infarction by coronary artery ligation and 2 weeks later VEGF-expressing or control cells, or saline were injected at the infarction border. Four weeks later, ventricular ejection fraction was significantly worsened with all treatments except for SPEC cells. Further, only SPEC cells significantly increased the density of homogeneously normal and mature microvascular networks. This was accompanied by a positive remodelling effect, with significantly reduced fibrosis in the infarcted area. We conclude that controlled homogeneous VEGF delivery by FACS-purified transduced ASC is a promising strategy to achieve safe and functional angiogenesis in myocardial ischaemia.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel > Cell and Gene Therapy (Banfi)
UniBasel Contributors:Banfi, Andrea
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:1582-4934
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:17 Oct 2018 07:42
Deposited On:17 Oct 2018 07:42

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