Bile duct ligation-induced redistribution of canalicular antigen in rat hepatocyte plasma membranes demonstrated by immunogold quantitation

Landmann, L. and Meier, P. J. and Bianchi, L.. (1990) Bile duct ligation-induced redistribution of canalicular antigen in rat hepatocyte plasma membranes demonstrated by immunogold quantitation. Histochemistry, Vol. 94, H. 4. pp. 373-379.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5261778

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Extrahepatic obstructive cholestasis has been demonstrated to induce a redistribution of domain specific membrane proteins in rat hepatocytes reflecting loss or even reversal of cell polarity. In order to further characterize the redistribution of canalicular antigens, we used the Lowicryl K4M immunogold technique for examination of the effects of bile duct ligation (50 h) on the distribution of antigen in rat hepatocytes at the ultrastructural level and quantitated immuno-gold density in the three domains of the plasma membrane. In normal hepatocytes, antigen was localized almost exclusively in the canalicular domain while the sinusoidal and lateral membranes showed only weak immunoreactivity. Other localizations included organelles compatible with known pathways of biosynthesis and degradation. Bile duct ligation markedly reduced immunolabel in the canalicular and increased it slightly in the sinusoidal domain. The number and staining intensity of immunoreactive subcanalicular lysosomes and vesicles probably representing endosomes was augmented. Number of immunogold particles per micron of plasma membrane were 7.86 vs 2.46 (P less than 0.005) in the canalicular, 1.16 vs 1.38 (n.s.) in the sinusoidal, and 1.23 vs 1.08 (n.s.) in the lateral domain resulting in a canalicular decrease by 68.7% and a sinusoidal increase of 19.0%. Overall decrease in total plasma membranes was by 29.7% (P less than 0.05). Thus, our data show that the sinusoidal and lateral domains behave differently. Furthermore, quantitative immunocytochemistry demonstrates a decrease in the canalicular antigen density and suggests a sinusoidal increase. The present data agree with the concept that bile duct ligation results in a loss or even reversal of cell polarity in hepatocytes.
Faculties and Departments:11 Rektorat und Verwaltung > Vizerektorat Forschung
UniBasel Contributors:Meier-Abt, Peter J.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Springer International
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:23
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:35

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