Thermodynamic studies on the interaction of antibodies with beta-amyloid peptide

Brockhaus, M. and Ganz, P. and Huber, W. and Bohrmann, B. and Loetscher, H. -R. and Seelig, J.. (2007) Thermodynamic studies on the interaction of antibodies with beta-amyloid peptide. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 111 (5). pp. 1238-1243.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5257379

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Antibodies against beta-amyloid peptides (Abetas) are considered an important therapeutic opportunity in Alzheimer's disease. Despite the vast interest in Abeta no thermodynamic data on the interaction of antibodies with Abeta are available as yet. In the present study we use isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) and surface plasmon resonance to provide a quantitative thermodynamic analysis of the interaction between soluble monomeric Abeta(1-40) and mouse monoclonal antibodies (mAb). Using four different antibodies directed against the N-terminal, middle, and C-terminal Abeta epitopes, we measured the thermodynamic parameters for the binding to Abeta. Each antibody species was found to have two independent and equal binding sites for Abeta with binding constants in the range of 10(7) to 10(8) M(-1). The binding reaction was essentially enthalpy driven with a reaction enthalpy of DeltaH(0)(Abeta) approximately -19 to -8 kcal/mol, indicating the formation of tight complexes. The loss in conformational freedom was supported by negative values for the reaction entropy DeltaS(0)(Abeta). We also measured the heat capacity change of the 1mAb:2Abeta reaction. DeltaC(0)(p, abeta) was large and negative but could not be explained exclusively by the hydrophobic effect. The free energy of binding was found to be linearly correlated with the size of the epitope.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Biophysical Chemistry (Seelig J)
UniBasel Contributors:Seelig, Joachim
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:14 Nov 2017 09:18
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:34

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