Association between Body Composition and Motor Performance in Preschool Children

Kakebeeke, Tanja H. and Lanzi, Stefano and Zysset, Annina E. and Arhab, Amar and Messerli-Bürgy, Nadine and Stuelb, Kerstin and Leeger-Aschmann, Claudia S. and Schmutz, Einat A. and Meyer, Andrea H. and Kriemler, Susi and Munsch, Simone and Jenni, Oskar G. and Puder, Jardena J.. (2017) Association between Body Composition and Motor Performance in Preschool Children. Obesity Facts, 10 (5). pp. 420-431.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/65168/

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Objective Being overweight makes physical movement more difficult. Our aim was to investigate the association between body composition and motor performance in preschool children. Methods A total of 476 predominantly normal-weight preschool children (age 3.9 ± 0.7 years; m/f: 251/225; BMI 16.0 ± 1.4 kg/m 2 ) participated in the Swiss Preschoolers' Health Study (SPLASHY). Body composition assessments included skinfold thickness, waist circumference (WC), and BMI. The Zurich Neuromotor Assessment (ZNA) was used to assess gross and fine motor tasks. Results After adjustment for age, sex, socioeconomic status, sociocultural characteristics, and physical activity (assessed with accelerometers), skinfold thickness and WC were both inversely correlated with jumping sideward (gross motor task β-coefficient −1.92, p = 0.027; and −3.34, p = 0.014, respectively), while BMI was positively correlated with running performance (gross motor task β-coefficient 9.12, p = 0.001). No significant associations were found between body composition measures and fine motor tasks. Conclusion The inverse associations between skinfold thickness or WC and jumping sideward indicates that children with high fat mass may be less proficient in certain gross motor tasks. The positive association between BMI and running suggests that BMI might be an indicator of fat-free (i.e., muscle) mass in predominately normal-weight preschool children. Keywords: Zurich Neuromotor Assessment, Body composition, Motor skills, BMI, SPLASHY
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology
UniBasel Contributors:Meyer, Andrea Hans
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Karger Publishers
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:29 Mar 2020 10:25
Deposited On:15 Aug 2018 14:54

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