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Pregnancy-related morbidity and risk factors for fatal foetal outcomes in the Taabo health and demographic surveillance system, Côte d'Ivoire

Koné, Siaka and Hürlimann, Eveline and Baikoro, Nahoua and Dao, Daouda and Bonfoh, Bassirou and N'Goran, Eliézer K. and Utzinger, Jürg and Jaeger, Fabienne N.. (2018) Pregnancy-related morbidity and risk factors for fatal foetal outcomes in the Taabo health and demographic surveillance system, Côte d'Ivoire. BMC pregnancy and childbirth, 18. p. 216.

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Abstract

Reliable, population-based data on pregnancy-related morbidity and mortality, and risk factors for fatal foetal outcomes are scarce for low- and middle-income countries. Yet, such data are essential for understanding and improving maternal and neonatal health and wellbeing.; Within the 4-monthly surveillance rounds of the Taabo health and demographic surveillance system (HDSS) in south-central Côte d'Ivoire, all women of reproductive age identified to be pregnant between 2011 and 2014 were followed-up. A questionnaire pertaining to antenatal care, pregnancy-related morbidities, delivery circumstances, and birth outcome was administered to eligible women. Along with sociodemographic information retrieved from the Taabo HDSS repository, these data were subjected to penalized maximum likelihood logistic regression analysis, to determine risk factors for fatal foetal outcomes.; A total of 2976 pregnancies were monitored of which 118 (4.0%) resulted in a fatal outcome. Risk factors identified by multivariable logistic regression analysis included sociodemographic factors of the expectant mother, such as residency in a rural area (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 2.87; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.31-6.29) and poorest wealth tertile (aOR = 1.79; 95% CI 1.02-3.14), a history of miscarriage (aOR = 23.19; 95% CI 14.71-36.55), non-receipt of preventive treatment such as iron/folic acid supplementation (aOR = 3.15; 95% CI 1.71-5.80), only two doses of tetanus vaccination (aOR = 2.59; 95% CI 1.56-4.30), malaria during pregnancy (aOR = 1.94; 95% CI 1.21-3.11), preterm birth (aOR = 4.45; 95% CI 2.82-7.01), and delivery by caesarean section (aOR = 13.03; 95% CI 4.24-40.08) or by instrumental delivery (aOR = 5.05; 95% CI 1.50-16.96). Women who paid for delivery were at a significantly lower odds of a fatal foetal outcome (aOR = 0.39; 95% CI 0.25-0.74).; We identified risk factors for fatal foetal outcomes in a mainly rural HDSS site of Côte d'Ivoire. Our findings call for public health action to improve access to, and use of, quality services of ante- and perinatal care.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology > Helminth Drug Development (Keiser)
UniBasel Contributors:Hürlimann, Eveline
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1471-2393
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:07 Sep 2018 12:08
Deposited On:04 Jul 2018 09:05

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