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Are overweight and obesity in children risk factors for anemia in early childhood? Results from a national nutrition survey in Tajikistan

Crivelli, Marita and Wyss, Kaspar and Grize, Leticia and Matthys, Barbara and Aebi, Thomas and Zemp, Elisabeth. (2018) Are overweight and obesity in children risk factors for anemia in early childhood? Results from a national nutrition survey in Tajikistan. International journal of public health, 63 (4). pp. 491-499.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/64762/

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Abstract

To assess the association between overweight/obesity and anemia in early childhood in Tajikistan.; Using a two-stage-cluster sampling, a representative sample of 1342 children (48.7% girls) aged 25-60 months was included in a nationwide survey in Tajikistan in 2009. Weight status was defined by age- and gender-specific body mass index, anemia by hemoglobin < 11 g/dl, according to WHO cut-off values for children, adjusted for altitude. Gender-stratified association of anemia and overweight/obesity was estimated by mixed models, controlling for age, parental education, and location type and region.; In the study population, the prevalence of anemia was 20.0%, overweight 13.0%, and obesity 9.5%. In multivariable analyses, obesity and overweight were not associated with anemia. Lower age and living in the remote region of Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast were associated with a higher prevalence of anemia.; In Tajikistan, anemia is at a moderate level, affecting every fifth child aged 25-60 months. Around every fifth child is overweight or obese. Interventions should focus on preventing anemia and overweight/obesity.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Society, Gender and Health > Gender and Health (Zemp Stutz)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Swiss Centre for International Health > Health Systems Support (Prytherch)
UniBasel Contributors:Crivelli, Marita and Wyss, Kaspar and Grize, Leticia and Matthys, Barbara and Zemp Stutz, Elisabeth
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Birkhäuser
ISSN:1661-8556
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:03 Jul 2018 10:54
Deposited On:03 Jul 2018 10:54

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