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Characterization of the human OATP-C (SLC21A6) gene promoter and regulation of liver-specific OATP genes by hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 alpha

Jung, D. and Hagenbuch, B. and Gresh, L. and Pontoglio, M. and Meier, P. J. and Kullak-Ublick, G. A.. (2001) Characterization of the human OATP-C (SLC21A6) gene promoter and regulation of liver-specific OATP genes by hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 alpha. Journal of biological chemistry, Vol. 276, no. 40. pp. 37206-37214.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5261653

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Abstract

OATP-C (SLC21A6) is the predominant Na(+)-independent uptake system for bile salts and bilirubin of human liver and is expressed exclusively at the basolateral (sinusoidal) hepatocyte membrane. To investigate the basis of liver-specific expression of OATP-C, we studied promoter function in the two hepatocyte-derived cell lines HepG2 and Huh7 and in nonhepatic HeLa cells. OATP-C promoter constructs containing from 66 to 950 nucleotides of 5'-regulatory sequence were active in HepG2 and Huh7 but not HeLa cells, indicating that determinants of hepatocyte-specific expression reside within the minimal promoter. Deoxyribonuclease I footprint analysis revealed a single region that was protected by HepG2 and Huh7 but not HeLa cell nuclear extracts. The liver-enriched transcription factor hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 alpha (HNF1 alpha) was shown by mobility shift assays to bind within this footprint. Coexpression of HNF1 alpha stimulated OATP-C promoter activity 30-fold in HepG2 and 49-fold in HeLa cells. Mutation of the HNF1 site abolished promoter function, indicating that HNF1 alpha is critical for hepatocyte-specific OATP-C gene expression. The human OATP8 (SLC21A8) and mouse Oatp4 (Slc21a6) promoters were also responsive to HNF1 alpha coexpression in HepG2 cells. These data support a role for HNF1 alpha as a global regulator of liver-specific bile salt and organic anion transporter genes.
Faculties and Departments:11 Rektorat und Verwaltung > Vizerektorat Forschung
UniBasel Contributors:Meier-Abt, Peter J.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Society of Biological Chemists
ISSN:0021-9258
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:23
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:34

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