Basic Processes in Salmonella-Host Interactions: Within-Host Evolution and the Transmission of the Virulent Genotype

Diard, Médéric and Hardt, Wolf-Dietrich. (2017) Basic Processes in Salmonella-Host Interactions: Within-Host Evolution and the Transmission of the Virulent Genotype. Microbiology Spectrum, 5 (5). epub.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/64689/

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Transmission and virulence are central aspects of pathogen evolution. However, in many cases their interconnection has proven difficult to assess by experimentation. Here we discuss recent advances from a mouse model for; Salmonella; diarrhea. Mouse models mimic the enhanced susceptibility of antibiotic-treated individuals to nontyphoidal salmonellosis. In streptomycin-pretreated mice,; Salmonella enterica; subspecies 1 serovar Typhimurium efficiently colonizes the gut lumen and elicits pronounced enteropathy. In the host's gut,; S.; Typhimurium forms two subpopulations that cooperate to elicit disease and optimize transmission. The disease-causing subpopulation expresses a set of dedicated virulence factors (the type 3 secretion system 1 [TTSS-1]) that drive gut tissue invasion. The virulence factor expression is "costly" by retarding the growth rate and exposing the pathogen to innate immune defenses within the gut tissue. These costs are compensated by the gut inflammation (a "public good") that is induced by the invading subpopulation. The inflamed gut lumen fuels; S.; Typhimurium growth, in particular that of the TTSS-1 "off" subpopulation. The latter grows up to very high densities and promotes transmission. Thus, both phenotypes cooperate to elicit disease and ensure transmission. This system has provided an experimental framework for studying within-host evolution of pathogen virulence, how cooperative virulence is stabilized, and how environmental changes (e.g., antibiotic therapy) affect the transmission of the virulent genotype.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Infection Biology > Pathogen Evolution (Diard)
UniBasel Contributors:Diard, Médéric
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:26 Feb 2019 16:39
Deposited On:26 Feb 2019 16:39

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