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The ALMANACH Project : preliminary results and potentiality from Afghanistan

Bernasconi, A. and Crabbé, F. and Rossi, R. and Qani, I. and Vanobberghen, A. and Raab, M. and Du Mortier, S.. (2018) The ALMANACH Project : preliminary results and potentiality from Afghanistan. International journal of medical informatics, 114. pp. 130-135.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/64648/

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Abstract

ALMANACH (ALgorithms for the MANagement of Acute CHildhood illnesses) is an electronic version of IMCI (Integrated Management of Childhood Illness) running on tablets. ALMANACH enhances its concept, it integrates well into health staff's daily consultation work and facilitates diagnosis and treatment. ALMANACH informs when to refer a child or to perform a rapid diagnostic test (RDT), recommends the right treatment dosage and synchronizes collected data real time with a Health Management Information System (DHIS2) for epidemiological evaluation and decision making.; Since May 2016, ALMANACH is under investigational deployment in three primary health care facilities in Afghanistan with the goal to improve the quality of care provided to children between 2 months and 5 years old.; IMCI's algorithms were updated in considering latest scientific publications, national guidelines, innovations in RDTs, the target population's epidemiological profile and the local resources available. Before the implementation of the project, a direct observation of 599 consultations was carried out to assess the daily performance at three selected health facilities in Kabul.; The baseline survey showed that nutritional screening, vitamin A supplementation and deworming were not systematically performed: few patients were diagnosed for malnutrition (1.8%), received vitamin A (2.7%) or deworming (7.5%). Physical examination was appropriate only for 23.8% of the diagnoses of respiratory or gastrointestinal diseases, ear infection and sore throat. Respiratory rate was checked only in 33.5% of the children with fever and cough, dehydration status was assessed in only 16.5% of the diarrhoea cases. Forty-seven percent of patients received incorrect treatment. Sixty-four percent of the children, before the introduction of ALMANACH, received at least one antibiotic, although for 87.1% antibiotic therapy was unnecessary. The review of 8'047 paediatric consultations between May 2016 and September 2017 showed that with ALMANACH, malnutrition detection, deworming and Vitamin A supplementation increased respectively to 4.4%, 50.2% and 27.5%. Antibiotic prescription decreased to 21.83% and all children were examined and treated in compliance with the protocols.; A survey will be conducted one year after the implementation to validate these initial promising results. If the efficacy of the approach is confirmed, ALMANACH could establish as a powerful innovation for primary health care.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Swiss Centre for International Health > Health Technology and Telemedicine (Raab)
UniBasel Contributors:Raab, Martin and Crabbé, François and Bernasconi, Andrea
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
ISSN:1386-5056
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:03 Jul 2018 10:43
Deposited On:03 Jul 2018 10:43

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