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The Relations Between Temperament, Character, and Executive Functions in Children With ADHD and Clinical Controls

Drechsler, Renate and Zulauf Logoz, Marina and Walitza, Susanne and Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph. (2018) The Relations Between Temperament, Character, and Executive Functions in Children With ADHD and Clinical Controls. Journal of attention disorders, 22 (8). pp. 764-775.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/64624/

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the overlap between executive functions and temperament as measured by two questionnaires and to examine characteristic profiles in children with ADHD and clinical controls.; Parents of 111 clinically referred children, half of whom were diagnosed with ADHD and half with other or no diagnoses, completed the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) and the Cloninger Junior Temperament and Character Inventory (JTCI).; Factor analysis of both instruments resulted in three common factors representing aspects of (1) cognitive regulation, (2) behavioral regulation, and (3) anxious/rigid tendencies. Factor (4) represented strengths and positive resources and loaded on JTCI scales only. Both instruments discriminated significantly between ADHD and non-ADHD children. Conduct disorder/oppositional defiant disorder (CD/ODD) but not ADHD accounted for problems in BRIEF Emotional Control and Self-Monitor and JTCI low Cooperativeness.; The two instruments only partially overlap and may complement each other.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology
UniBasel Contributors:Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Sage
ISSN:1087-0547
e-ISSN:1557-1246
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:21 Nov 2018 15:41
Deposited On:21 Nov 2018 15:41

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