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The Continuous Performance Test Revisited with Neuroelectric Mapping: Impaired Orienting in Children with Attention Deficits

van Leeuwen, Theo H. and Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph and Overtoom, Carine C. E. and Pascual-Marqui, Roberto D. and van’t Klooster, Ben J. and Rothenberger, A. and Sergeant, Joseph A. and Brandeis, Daniel. (1998) The Continuous Performance Test Revisited with Neuroelectric Mapping: Impaired Orienting in Children with Attention Deficits. Behavioural Brain Research, 94 (1). pp. 97-110.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/64562/

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Abstract

A total of 11 children with  attention deficit disorder (ADD) and nine control children performed a continuous performance test (CPT) of the A-X type with concurrent neuroelectric brain mapping to assess preparatory processing, purportedly mediated by the frontal lobes . This cued CPT task proved to be a highly specific task. The groups could be clearly differentiated both at the behavioral and electrophysiological level. ADD children detected fewer signals and made more false alarms. There were no major group differences in topographical distribution of the  event-related potential microstates, but ADD children displayed reduced global field power (GFP) in an early CNV/P3 microstate to cues. This indicated that impaired orienting to cues, rather than impaired executive target processing, determines the initial processing stages in ADD. In comparison with data from the same task run in Utrecht, the same orienting deficit in clinically diagnosed ADHD children was demonstrated. Low resolution electromagnetic tomography (LORETA) estimated posterior sources underlying these orienting processes and the orienting deficit. This argued against frontal lobe involvement at this stage and suggested involvement of a posterior  attention system.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology
UniBasel Contributors:Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0166-4328
e-ISSN:1872-7549
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:22 Sep 2020 07:28
Deposited On:22 Sep 2020 07:28

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