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Investigation of alpha-induced reactions on Sb isotopes relevant to the astrophysical gamma process

Korkulu, Z. and Ozkan, N. and Kiss, G. G. and Szucs, T. and Gyurky, Gy. and Fulop, Zs. and Guray, R. T. and Halasz, Z. and Rauscher, T. and Somorjai, E. and Torok, Zs. and Yalcin, C.. (2018) Investigation of alpha-induced reactions on Sb isotopes relevant to the astrophysical gamma process. Physical Review C, 97 (4). 045803.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/64223/

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Abstract

Background: The reaction rates used in gamma-process nucleosynthesis network calculations are mostly derived from theoretical, statistical model cross sections. Experimental data is scarce for charged particle reactions at astrophysical, low energies. Where experimental (alpha,gamma) data exists, it is often strongly overestimated by Hauser-Feshbach statistical model calculations. Further experimental alpha-capture cross sections in the intermediate and heavy mass region are necessary to test theoretical models and to gain understanding of heavy element nucleosynthesis in the astrophysical gamma process.Purpose: The aim of the present work is to measure the Sb-121(alpha,gamma) I-125, Sb-121(alpha, n) I-124, and Sb-123(alpha, n) I-126 reaction cross sections. These measurements are important tests of astrophysical reaction rate predictions and extend the experimental database required for an improved understanding of p-isotope production.Method: The alpha-induced reactions on natural and enriched antimony targets were investigated using the activation technique. The (alpha,gamma) cross sections of Sb-121 were measured and are reported for the first time. To determine the cross section of the Sb-121(alpha,gamma) I-125, Sb-121(alpha, n) I-124, and Sb-123(alpha, n) I-126 reactions, the yields of. rays following the beta decay of the reaction products were measured. For the measurement of the lowest cross sections, the characteristic x rays were counted with a low-energy photon spectrometer detector.Results: The cross section of the Sb-121(alpha,gamma) I-125, Sb-121(alpha, n) I-124, and Sb-123(alpha, n) I-126 reactions were measured with high precision in an energy range between 9.74 and 15.48 MeV, close to the astrophysically relevant energy window. The results are compared with the predictions of statistical model calculations. The (alpha, n) data show that the a widths are predicted well for these reactions. The (alpha,gamma) results are overestimated by the calculations but this is because of the applied neutron and gamma widths.Conclusions: Relevant for the astrophysical reaction rate is the alpha width used in the calculations. While for other reactions the alpha widths seem to have been overestimated and their energy dependence was not described well in the measured energy range, this is not the case for the reactions studied here. The result is consistent with the proposal that additional reaction channels, such as Coulomb excitation, may have led to the discrepancies found in other reactions.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Theoretische Physik Astrophysik (Thielemann)
UniBasel Contributors:Rauscher, Thomas
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:2469-9985
e-ISSN:2469-9993
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:28 May 2018 06:45
Deposited On:28 May 2018 06:45

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