Direct energization of bile acid transport into plant vacuoles

Hörtensteiner, S. and Vogt, E. and Hagenbuch, B. and Meier, P. J. and Amrhein, N. and Martinoia, E.. (1993) Direct energization of bile acid transport into plant vacuoles. Journal of biological chemistry, Vol. 268, no. 25. pp. 18446-18449.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5261759

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Bile acids were shown to be transported into barley mesophyll vacuoles. Uptake of the cholate conjugates taurocholate and glycocholate is strictly ATP-dependent. Uptake of taurocholate is a saturable process (Km = 40 microM) and is inhibited by vanadate but not by bafilomycin, a specific inhibitor of the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase. Together with the observation that the non-hydrolyzable ATP analog AMPPNP (5'-adenylyl beta,gamma-imidodiphosphate) does not stimulate, but rather inhibits, the ATP-dependent uptake of taurocholate, and that a 3-fold accumulation of the bile acid is observed in the presence of bafilomycin, these results suggest that taurocholate is transported into the vacuole by a primary active process as is the case for its canalicular secretion in rat liver (Nishida, T., Gatmaitan, Z., Che, M., and Arias, I. M. (1991) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 88, 6590-6594). Taurocholate uptake is inhibited by other bile acids and is slightly stimulated by glutathione S-conjugates. The different responses of the glutathione S-conjugate (Martinoia, E., Grill, E., Tommasini, R., Kreuz, K., and Amrhein, N. (1993) Nature 364, 247-249) and the taurocholate transporters, respectively, to substrates, oligomycin, GTP, and UTP suggest the presence of at least two ATPases specifically involved in the transport of conjugates across the tonoplast. As cholate and its conjugates have so far not been reported to occur in plants, the physiological function of the novel transport ATPase described here is presently unknown.
Faculties and Departments:11 Rektorat und Verwaltung > Vizerektorat Forschung
UniBasel Contributors:Meier-Abt, Peter J.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Society of Biological Chemists
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:23
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:34

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