edoc

Strengthening health district management competencies in Ghana, Tanzania and Uganda : lessons from using action research to improve health workforce performance

Martineau, Tim and Raven, Joanna and Aikins, Moses and Alonso-Garbayo, Alvaro and Baine, Sebastian and Huss, Reinhard and Maluka, Stephen and Wyss, Kaspar. (2018) Strengthening health district management competencies in Ghana, Tanzania and Uganda : lessons from using action research to improve health workforce performance. BMJ Global Health, 3 (2). e000619.

[img] PDF - Published Version
Available under License CC BY (Attribution).

383Kb

Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/63907/

Downloads: Statistics Overview

Abstract

To achieve Universal Health Coverage (UHC), more health workers are needed; also critical is supporting optimal performance of existing staff. Integrated human resource management (HRM) strategies, complemented by other health systems strategies, are needed to improve health workforce performance, which is possible at district level in decentralised contexts. To strengthen the capacity of district management teams to develop and implement workplans containing integrated strategies for workforce performance improvement, we introduced an action-research-based management strengthening intervention (MSI). This consisted of two workshops, follow-up by facilitators and meetings between participating districts. Although often used in the health sector, there is little evaluation of this approach in middle-income and low-income country contexts. The MSI was tested in three districts in Ghana, Tanzania and Uganda. This paper reports on the appropriateness of the MSI to the contexts and its effects.; Documentary evidence (workshop reports, workplans, diaries, follow-up visit reports) was collected throughout the implementation of the MSI in each district and interviews (50) and focus-group discussions (6) were conducted with managers at the end of the MSI. The findings were analysed using Kirkpatrick's evaluation framework to identify effects at different levels.; The MSI was appropriate to the needs and work patterns of District Health Management Teams (DHMTs) in all contexts. DHMT members improved management competencies for problem analysis, prioritisation and integrated HRM and health systems strategy development. They learnt how to refine plans as more information became available and the importance of monitoring implementation. The MSI produced changes in team behaviours and confidence. There were positive results regarding workforce performance or service delivery; these would increase with repetition of the MSI.; The MSI is appropriate to the contexts where tested and can improve staff performance. However, for significant impact on service delivery and UHC, a method of scaling up and sustaining the MSI is required.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Swiss Centre for International Health (SCIH) > Systems Performance and Monitoring (Pham-Tan)
UniBasel Contributors:Wyss, Kaspar
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
e-ISSN:2059-7908
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:10 Aug 2018 11:26
Deposited On:03 Jul 2018 08:19

Repository Staff Only: item control page