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Association between air pollution and rhinitis incidence in two European cohorts

Burte, Emilie and Leynaert, Bénédicte and Bono, Roberto and Brunekreef, Bert and Bousquet, Jean and Carsin, Anne-Elie and De Hoogh, Kees and Forsberg, Bertil and Gormand, Frédéric and Heinrich, Joachim and Just, Jocelyne and Marcon, Alessandro and Künzli, Nino and Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark and Pin, Isabelle and Stempfelet, Morgane and Sunyer, Jordi and Villani, Simona and Siroux, Valérie and Jarvis, Deborah and Nadif, Rachel and Jacquemin, Bénédicte. (2018) Association between air pollution and rhinitis incidence in two European cohorts. Environment International, 115. pp. 257-266.

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Abstract

The association between air pollution and rhinitis is not well established.; The aim of this longitudinal analysis was to study the association between modeled air pollution at the subjects' home addresses and self-reported incidence of rhinitis.; We used data from 1533 adults from two multicentre cohorts' studies (EGEA and ECRHS). Rhinitis incidence was defined as reporting rhinitis at the second follow-up (2011 to 2013) but not at the first follow-up (2000 to 2007). Annual exposure to NO; 2; , PM; 10; and PM; 2.5; at the participants' home addresses was estimated using land-use regression models developed by the ESCAPE project for the 2009-2010 period. Incidence rate ratios (IRR) were computed using Poisson regression. Pooled analysis, analyses by city and meta-regression testing for heterogeneity were carried out.; No association between long-term air pollution exposure and incidence of rhinitis was found (adjusted IRR (aIRR) for an increase of 10 μg·m; -3; of NO; 2:; 1.00 [0.91-1.09], for an increase of 5 μg·m; -3; of PM; 2.5; : 0.88 [0.73-1.04]). Similar results were found in the two-pollutant model (aIRR for an increase of 10 μg·m; -3; of NO; 2:; 1.01 [0.87-1.17], for an increase of 5 μg·m; -3; of PM; 2.5; : 0.87 [0.68-1.08]). Results differed depending on the city, but no regional pattern emerged for any of the pollutants.; This study did not find any consistent evidence of an association between long-term air pollution and incident rhinitis.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Chronic Disease Epidemiology > Air Pollution and Health (Künzli)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Public Health > Sozial- und Präventivmedizin > Air Pollution and Health (Künzli)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
UniBasel Contributors:de Hoogh, Kees and Künzli, Nino
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0160-4120
e-ISSN:1873-6750
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:14 Sep 2018 13:39
Deposited On:03 Jul 2018 08:11

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