The African Eve Effect in Science

Hofmänner, Alexandra. (2011) The African Eve Effect in Science. Archaeologies: Journal of the World Archaeological Congress, 7 (1). pp. 251-289.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/62715/

Downloads: Statistics Overview


The Matthew and Matilda Effects in science were coined in 1968 (Robert K. Merton) and in 1993 (Margaret W. Rossiter) respectively, as tools to analyse the reward systems of science. By proposing the African Eve Effect in science as a third effect, the original scope for analysis of these systems is broadened from the social structure of science to the anthropological dimension of science. Similarly, the 'psychosocial processes' that were considered as affecting the reward systems (Merton, Science 159:56-63, 1968) are extended to include discursive practices. The African Eve Effect refers to the scientific notion of the 'African Eve' (or mitochondrial (mtDNA) Eve), a concept put forward by scientists to designate the genetic mother of all modern humans. Three discursive conventions constitute the African Eve Effect and together shape patterns of the distribution of recognition for scientific work: projecting imaginative geographies of otherness onto the frontiers of science; collecting, transporting and enframing material and ideas according to a Western epistemological order; and 'evolutionising' nature and the human in science. The objective of this paper is to specify and illustrate an experimental tool for analysing the entanglement of the reward system in science with culturally fashioned imaginaries and agendas.
Faculties and Departments:04 Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Departement Gesellschaftswissenschaften > Fachbereich Soziologie
UniBasel Contributors:Hofmänner, Alexandra
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Altamira Press
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:15 Jun 2020 12:26
Deposited On:15 Jun 2020 12:26

Repository Staff Only: item control page