Clinical and Molecular Implications of MED15 in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Shaikhibrahim, Z. and Offermann, A. and Halbach, R. and Vogel, W. and Braun, M. and Kristiansen, G. and Bootz, F. and Wenzel, J. and Mikut, R. and Lengerke, C. and Reischl, M. and Schrock, A. and Perner, S.. (2015) Clinical and Molecular Implications of MED15 in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma. The American Journal of Pathology, 185 (4). pp. 1114-1122.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/62311/

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Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) progression depends on various dysregulated pathways. Regulation of diverse pathways is mediated by the mediator complex. The mediator subunit MED15 is essential for transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta signaling and involved in breast and prostate cancers. We investigated the implication of MED15 in HNSCC. IHC for MED15 was performed on 324 tissue samples, and TGF-beta assessed the use of Ki-67 and pSMAD3 as markers. MED15 knockdown followed by proliferation and migration assays, as well as TGF-beta1 treatment followed by MED15 analysis, was also performed. MED15 was overexpressed in 35% of primary tumors, 30% of lymph node metastases, and 70% of recurrences in contrast to no or low expression in benign tumors. MED15 overexpression in primary tumors from patients who developed recurrences was associated with higher mortality rates and occurred at highest frequency in oral cavity or oropharyngeal tumors. Furthermore, MED15 expression correlated between primary tumors and corresponding lymph node metastases. MED15 correlated with proliferation in tissues, and MED15 knockdown reduced proliferation and migration. We observed an association between MED15 and TGF-beta activity in tissues because TGF-beta activation led to increased MED15 expression and reduced pSMAD3 on MED15 knockdown. Taken together, our results implicate MED15 in HNSCC and hint that MED15 overexpression is a clonal event during HNSCC progression. MED15 may serve as a prognostic marker for recurrence and as a therapeutic target.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel > Stem Cells and Hematopoiesis (Lengerke)
UniBasel Contributors:Lengerke, Claudia
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:11 Dec 2018 16:35
Deposited On:11 Dec 2018 16:35

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