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Octyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside partitioning into lipid bilayers: thermodynamics of binding and structural changes of the bilayer

Wenk, M. R. and Alt, T. and Seelig, A. and Seelig, J.. (1997) Octyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside partitioning into lipid bilayers: thermodynamics of binding and structural changes of the bilayer. Biophysical Journal, 72 (4). pp. 1719-1731.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5258482

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Abstract

The interaction of the nonionic detergent octyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (OG) with lipid bilayers was studied with high-sensitivity isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) and solid-state 2H-NMR spectroscopy. The transfer of OG from the aqueous phase to lipid bilayers composed of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC) can be investigated by employing detergent at concentrations below the critical micellar concentration; it can be defined by a surface partition equilibrium with a partition coefficient of K = 120 +/- 10 M-1, a molar binding enthalpy of delta H degrees D = 1.3 +/- 0.15 kcal/mol, and a free energy of binding of delta G degrees D = -5.2 kcal/mol. The heat of transfer is temperature dependent, with a molar heat capacity of delta CP = -75 cal K-1 mol-1. The large heat capacity and the near-zero delta H are typical for a hydrophobic binding equilibrium. The partition constant K decreased to approximately 100 M-1 for POPC membranes mixed with either negatively charged lipids or cholesterol, but was independent of membrane curvature. In contrast, a much larger variation was observed in the partition enthalpy. delta H degrees D increased by about 50% for large vesicles and by 75% for membranes containing 50 mol% cholesterol. Structural changes in the lipid bilayer were investigated with solid-state 2H-NMR. POPC was selectively deuterated at the headgroup segments and at different positions of the fatty acyl chains, and the measurement of the quadrupolar splittings provided information on the conformation and the order of the bilayer membrane. Addition of OG had almost no influence on the lipid headgroup region, even at concentrations close to bilayer disruption. In contrast, the fluctuations of fatty acyl chain segments located in the inner part of the bilayer increased strongly with increasing OG concentration. The 2H-NMR results demonstrate that the headgroup region is the most stable structural element of the lipid membrane, remaining intact until the disordering of the chains reaches a critical limit. The perturbing effect of OG is thus different from that of another nonionic detergent, octaethyleneglycol mono-n-dodecylether (C12E8), which produces a general disordering at all levels of the lipid bilayer. The OG-POPC interaction was also investigated with POPC monolayers, using a Langmuir trough. In the absence of lipid, the measurement of the Gibbs adsorption isotherm for pure OG solutions yielded an OG surface area of AS = 51 +/- 3 A2. On the other hand, the insertion area AI of OG in a POPC monolayer was determined by a monolayer expansion technique as AI = 58 +/- 10 A2. The similar area requirements with AS approximately AI indicate an almost complete insertion of OG into the lipid monolayer. The OG partition constant for a POPC monolayer at 32 mN/m was Kp approximately 320 M-1 and thus was larger than that for a POPC bilayer.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Biophysical Chemistry (Seelig A)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Biophysical Chemistry (Seelig J)
UniBasel Contributors:Seelig, Joachim and Seelig-Löffler, Anna
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Biophysical Society
ISSN:0006-3495
e-ISSN:1542-0086
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:14 Nov 2017 10:23
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:33

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