Influence of physical fitness and activity behavior on retinal vessel diameters in primary schoolchildren

Imhof, Katharina and Zahner, Lukas and Schmidt-Trucksäss, Arno and Faude, Oliver and Hanssen, Henner. (2016) Influence of physical fitness and activity behavior on retinal vessel diameters in primary schoolchildren. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 26 (7). pp. 731-738.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/62266/

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Retinal vessel alterations have been shown to be associated with cardiovascular risk factors and physical inactivity as early as childhood. In this context, the analysis of physical activity in children has solely been based on questionnaire assessments. The study aimed to examine the association of physical fitness performance and self-reported physical activity with retinal vessel diameters in young children. Three hundred ninety-one primary schoolchildren [7.3 years (SD 0.4)] were examined in this cross-sectional study. The primary outcome was endurance performance measured with the 20-m shuttle run. The additional tests consisted of a 20-m sprint, jumping sidewards and balancing backwards. Retinal microcirculation was assessed using a static retinal vessel analyzer. Parents completed questionnaires about physical and sedentary activities. Endurance performance was associated with narrower retinal venular diameters [-0.9 (95%CI: -1.8; -0.1) measuring units (mu)/ unit shuttle run, P = 0.04] and a higher arteriolar to venular ratio [0.003 (-0.001; 0.006)/unit shuttle run, P = 0.06]. The sprint performance was associated with narrower retinal arterioles [4.7 (0.8; 8.6) mu/unit sprint, P = 0.02]. Indoor playing activity correlated with narrower retinal venules [-0.04 (-0.07; -0.01) mu/per unit, P = 0.02]. Our data suggest that objectively measured endurance performance relates with better retinal vessel health in early childhood.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Sport, Bewegung und Gesundheit > Bereich Sport- und Bewegungsmedizin > Präventive Sportmedizin (Hanssen)
UniBasel Contributors:Hanssen, Henner and Endes, Katharina
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell - STM
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:08 May 2019 11:01
Deposited On:22 Aug 2018 16:01

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