Diagnostic performance of near-patient testing for influenza

Beckmann, Christiane and Hirsch, Hans H.. (2015) Diagnostic performance of near-patient testing for influenza. Journal of Clinical of Virology, 67. pp. 43-46.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/61906/

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BACKGROUND: Rapid diagnosis of influenza is important for controlling outbreaks and starting antiviral therapy. Direct antigen detection (DAD) is rapid, but lacks sensitivity, whereas nucleic acid amplification testing (NAT) is more sensitive, but also more time-consuming. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance of a rapid isothermal NAT and two DADs. STUDY DESIGN: During February-May 2014, we tested 211 consecutive patients with influenza-like illness using a commercial isothermal NAT (Alere Influenza A&B) as well as the DAD Sofia((R)) Influenza A+B and BinaxNOW((R)) Influenza A&B for detection of influenza-A and -B virus. RespiFinder-22((R)) a commercial multiplex NAT served as reference test. Serial 10-fold dilutions of influenza-A and -B cell culture supernatants were examined. Another 225 patient samples were tested during December 2014-February 2015. RESULTS: Compared to RespiFinder-22((R)), the isothermal NAT Alere Influenza A&B, and the DAD Sofia((R)) Influenza A+B and BinaxNOW((R)) Influenza A&B had sensitivities of 77.8%, 59.3% and 29.6%, and specificities of 99.5%, 98.9% and 100%, respectively, for the first 211 patient samples. Alere Influenza A&B showed 85.7% sensitivity and 100% specificity in the second cohort. Isothermal NAT was 10-100-fold more sensitive compared to DAD for influenza virus culture supernatants with a lower limit of detection of 5000-50,000 copies/mL. The average turn-around time (TAT) of isothermal NAT and DADs was 15min, but increased to 110min for Alere Influenza A&B, 30min for BinaxNOW((R)) Influenza A&B, and 45min for Sofia((R)) Influenza A+B, when analyzing batches of 6 samples. CONCLUSION: Simple sample processing and a TAT of 15min render isothermal NAT Alere Influenza A&B suitable for sequential near-patient testing, but the TAT advantage is lost when testing of larger series.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Division of Medical Microbiology > Transplantation Virology (Hirsch)
UniBasel Contributors:Hirsch, Hans H.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
ISSN:1873-5967 (Electronic) 1386-6532 (Linking)
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:03 Nov 2018 09:23
Deposited On:03 Nov 2018 09:23

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