Cerebellar abnormalities contribute to disability including cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis

Weier, Katrin and Penner, Ik and Magon, Stefano and Amann, Michael and Naegelin, Yvonne and Andelova, Michaela and Derfuss, Tobias and Stippich, Christoph and Radue, Ernst-Wilhelm and Kappos, Ludwig and Sprenger, Till. (2014) Cerebellar abnormalities contribute to disability including cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis. PLoS ONE, 9 (1). e86916.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/61685/

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The cerebellum is known to be involved not only in motor but also cognitive and affective processes. Structural changes in the cerebellum in relation to cognitive dysfunction are an emerging topic in the field of neuro-psychiatric disorders. In Multiple Sclerosis (MS) cerebellar motor and cognitive dysfunction occur in parallel, early in the onset of the disease, and the cerebellum is one of the predilection sites of atrophy. This study is aimed at determining the relationship between cerebellar volumes, clinical cerebellar signs, cognitive functioning and fatigue in MS. Cerebellar volumetry was conducted using T1-weighted MPRAGE magnetic resonance imaging of 172 MS patients. All patients underwent a clinical and brief neuropsychological assessment (information processing speed, working memory), including fatigue testing. Patients with and without cerebellar signs differed significantly regarding normalized cerebellar total volume (nTCV), normalized brain volume (nBV) and whole brain T2 lesion volume (LV). Patients with cerebellar dysfunction likewise performed worse in cognitive tests. A regression analysis indicated that age and nTCV explained 26.3% of the variance in SDMT (symbol digit modalities test) performance. However, only age, T2 LV and nBV remained predictors in the full model (r(2) = 0.36). The full model for the prediction of PASAT (Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test) scores (r(2) = 0.23) included age, cerebellar and T2 LV. In the case of fatigue, only age and nBV (r(2) = 0.17) emerged as significant predictors. These data support the view that cerebellar abnormalities contribute to disability, including cognitive impairment in MS. However, this contribution does not seem to be independent of, and may even be dominated by wider spread MS pathology as reflected by nBV and T2 LV.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel > Clinical Neuroimmunology (Derfuss/Lindberg)
UniBasel Contributors:Derfuss, Tobias Johannes
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Public Library of Science
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:21 Jul 2020 14:25
Deposited On:21 Jul 2020 14:25

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