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The impact of dementia on the detection of depression in elderly subjects from the general population

Papassotiropoulos, A. and Heun, R. and Maier, W.. (1999) The impact of dementia on the detection of depression in elderly subjects from the general population. Psychological medicine, Vol. 29, H. 1. pp. 113-120.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5257232

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The performance of the CES-D in a sample of elderly community residents was assessed. The influence of dementia on test performance and the necessity for the use of four factor scores instead of a single summary score of the CES-D were studied. METHOD: Two hundred and eighty-seven subjects out of the general population aged 60-99 years were personally interviewed with standardized diagnostic tools and completed the CES-D. Best-estimate diagnoses served as 'gold standards' for receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis. RESULTS: The CES-D discriminated well between depressive and non-depressive subjects. Exclusion of demented subjects from the sample did not markedly increase test performance. Current depressive illness and dementia led to high scores on the CES-D. Unlike the factors 'depressive affect', 'somatic/vegetative complaints', and 'interpersonal relations', the factor' positive affect' of the CES-D discriminated well between demented and non-demented participants. CONCLUSIONS: The CES-D is a valid instrument for screening for depression in a community sample of elderly subjects. Its use can be recommended even if the presence of dementia is likely. The use of factor scores of the CES-D does not substantially contribute to an improvement of overall test performance, but, nevertheless, allows a more detailed insight and better interpretation of test results.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Services Biozentrum > Life Sciences Training Facility (Papassotiropoulos)
07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Molecular Psychology (Papassotiropoulos)
UniBasel Contributors:Papassotiropoulos, Andreas
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
ISSN:0033-2917
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:23
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:33

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