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The influence of Free-Trade on the environmental effects of transportation. Scale-, Technique- and Composition-Effects

Vannoni, Stefan. (2007) The influence of Free-Trade on the environmental effects of transportation. Scale-, Technique- and Composition-Effects. WWZ Discussion Papers, 2007 (10).

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Abstract

The changeover from a situation of Autarky to a situation of Free- Trade alters the trade and production patterns of the participating countries which in turn affects the transportation-sector. The amount of transported goods and the directions of the good-flows change. Profit-oriented shipping companies can and do respond to these changes by selecting adequate means and modes of transport for different routes and by building-up or restructuring a transportation-network. These changes affect the corresponding level of pollution from transport. We distinguish a scale effect which evolves from a higher frequency of transportation movements with an unchanged infrastructure of transportation, a technique effect which results by increasing the load per movement and a less than proportional increase in pollution per distanceunit and a composition effect which reflects an increase load per movement and a constant or decreasing pollution per distance-unit. Adding up all three effects could eventually lead to a lower pollution level in a situation with Free-Trade than with Autarky.
Faculties and Departments:06 Faculty of Business and Economics
06 Faculty of Business and Economics > Departement Wirtschaftswissenschaften
06 Faculty of Business and Economics > Departement Wirtschaftswissenschaften > Professuren Wirtschaftswissenschaften > Aussenwirtschaft und Europ. Integration (Weder)
06 Faculty of Business and Economics > Departement Wirtschaftswissenschaften > WWZ Forum
12 Special Collections > WWZ Publications > WWZ Discussion Papers and Working Papers
UniBasel Contributors:Vannoni, Stefan
Item Type:Working Paper
Publisher:WWZ, University of Basel
Number of Pages:22
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Discussion paper / Internet publication
Language:English
Identification Number:
  • handle: RePEc:bsl:wpaper:2007/10
Last Modified:09 Mar 2018 10:53
Deposited On:07 Mar 2018 11:25

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