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Insufficient fruit and vegetable intake in a low- and middle-income setting: a population-based survey in semi-urban Tanzania

Msambichaka, Beverly and Eze, Ikenna C. and Abdul, Ramadhan and Abdulla, Salim and Klatser, Paul and Tanner, Marcel and Kaushik, Ramaiya and Geubbels, Eveline and Probst-Hensch, Nicole. (2018) Insufficient fruit and vegetable intake in a low- and middle-income setting: a population-based survey in semi-urban Tanzania. Nutrients, 10 (2). E222.

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Abstract

A daily intake of 5 portions of fruit and vegetables (FV) is recommended for protection against non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Inadequate FV intake is a global problem but resource-poor countries like Tanzania are most deprived and constitute settings where little is known for informing public health interventions. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of inadequate FV intake, frequency of FV intake, portions of FV intake and their associations with socio-demographic/lifestyle factors in South-Eastern Tanzania. Data on FV dietary indicators, socio-demographic factors, smoking, alcohol and healthcare use were collected from 7953 participants (≥15 years) of the population-based MZIMA open community cohort (2012-2013). Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine associations between FV intake outcomes and their socio-demographic/lifestyle determinants. Most (82%) of the participants did not meet the recommended daily FV intake While only a fraction consumed fruits daily (15.5%), almost half consumed vegetables daily (44.2%). However, the median (IQR) number of vegetable portions consumed was lower (2(1)/person/day) than that for fruits (2(2)/person/day) People with higher education were more likely to consume fruits daily. Independent correlates of inadequate FV intake included young age, being male, low education, low-income occupations, low alcohol, high tobacco and low healthcare use. Public health interventions should target the socio-economically deprived and culturally-rooted preferences while prioritizing promotion of vegetable for most immediate gain in overall FV intake.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
UniBasel Contributors:Tanner, Marcel and Probst-Hensch, Nicole and Msambichaka, Beverly and Eze, Ikenna C. and Probst-Hensch, Nicole and Msambichaka, Beverly and Eze, Ikenna C.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2072-6643
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:14 Sep 2018 12:57
Deposited On:02 Jul 2018 08:25

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