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Extracellular matrix and growth factor engineering for controlled angiogenesis in regenerative medicine

Martino, Mikaël M. and Brkic, Sime and Bovo, Emmanuela and Burger, Maximilian and Schaefer, Dirk J. and Wolff, Thomas and Gürke, Lorenz and Briquez, Priscilla S. and Larsson, Hans M. and Gianni-Barrera, Roberto and Hubbell, Jeffrey A. and Banfi, Andrea. (2015) Extracellular matrix and growth factor engineering for controlled angiogenesis in regenerative medicine. Frontiers in bioengineering and biotechnology, 3. p. 45.

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Abstract

Blood vessel growth plays a key role in regenerative medicine, both to restore blood supply to ischemic tissues and to ensure rapid vascularization of clinical-size tissue-engineered grafts. For example, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is the master regulator of physiological blood vessel growth and is one of the main molecular targets of therapeutic angiogenesis approaches. However, angiogenesis is a complex process and there is a need to develop rational therapeutic strategies based on a firm understanding of basic vascular biology principles, as evidenced by the disappointing results of initial clinical trials of angiogenic factor delivery. In particular, the spatial localization of angiogenic signals in the extracellular matrix (ECM) is crucial to ensure the proper assembly and maturation of new vascular structures. Here, we discuss the therapeutic implications of matrix interactions of angiogenic factors, with a special emphasis on VEGF, as well as provide an overview of current approaches, based on protein and biomaterial engineering that mimic the regulatory functions of ECM to optimize the signaling microenvironment of vascular growth factors.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel > Cell and Gene Therapy (Banfi)
UniBasel Contributors:Banfi, Andrea
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Frontiers Media
e-ISSN:2296-4185
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:16 Mar 2018 16:14
Deposited On:16 Mar 2018 15:24

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