Psychometric properties of the Swiss version of the Nursing Home Survey on Patient Safety Culture

Zùñiga, F. and Schwappach, D. and De Geest, S. and Schwendimann, R.. (2013) Psychometric properties of the Swiss version of the Nursing Home Survey on Patient Safety Culture. Safety Science, 55. pp. 88-118.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/59810/

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The Nursing Home Survey on Patient Safety Culture (NHSPSC) was specifically developed for nursing homes to assess a facility’s safety climate and it consists of 12 dimensions. After its pilot testing, however, no further psychometric analyses were performed on the instrument. For this study of safety climate in Swiss nursing home units, the NHSPSC was linguistically adapted to the Swiss context and to address the unit as well as facility level, with the aim of testing aspects of the validity and reliability of the Swiss version before its use in Swiss nursing home units. Psychometric analyses were performed on data from 367 nursing personnel from nine nursing homes in the German-speaking part of Switzerland (response rate = 66%), and content validity (CVI) examined. The statistical influence of unit membership on respondents’ answers, and on their agreement concerning their units’ safety climate, was tested using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) and the rWG(J) interrater agreement index. A multilevel exploratory factor analysis (MEFA) with oblimin rotation was applied to examine the questionnaire’s dimensionality. Cronbach’s alpha and Raykov’s rho were calculated to assess factor reliability. The relationship of safety climate dimensions with clinical outcomes was explored. Expert feedback confirmed the relevance of the instrument’s items (CVI = 0.93). Personnel showed strong agreement in their perceptions in three dimensions of the questionnaire. ICCs supported a multilevel analysis. MEFA produced nine factors at the within-level (in comparison to 12 in the original version) and two factors at the between-level with satisfactory fit statistics. Raykov’s Rho for the single level factors ranged between 0.67 and 0.86. Some safety climate dimensions show moderate, but non-significant correlations with the use of bedrails, physical restraint use, and fall-related injuries. The Swiss version of the NHSPSC needs further refinement and testing before its use can be recommended in Swiss nursing homes: its dimensionality needs further clarification, particularly to distinguish items addressing the unit-level safety climate from those at the facility level.
► Validity and reliability of the Nursing Home Survey of Patient Safety Culture were tested in Swiss nursing homes. ► The wording of the NHSPSC was changed to address the unit as well as facility level in nursing homes. ► Multilevel exploratory factor analysis differentiates unit- and facility-level safety climate. ► The Swiss factor solution at unit level has only nine factors as compared to the original NHSPSC with 12 factors. ► For its use in Swiss nursing home units, the instrument needs further refinement.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Public Health > Institut für Pflegewissenschaft
UniBasel Contributors:Zuniga, Franziska and De Geest, Sabina M. and Schwendimann, René
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:06 Feb 2018 15:12
Deposited On:06 Feb 2018 15:10

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