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Expression of aryl hydrocarbon receptor–regulated genes and superoxide dismutase in the Antarctic eelpout Pachycara brachycephalum exposed to benzo[a]pyrene

Strobel, Anneli and Mark, Felix C. and Segner, Helmut and Burkhardt-Holm, Patricia. (2018) Expression of aryl hydrocarbon receptor–regulated genes and superoxide dismutase in the Antarctic eelpout Pachycara brachycephalum exposed to benzo[a]pyrene. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, in press. accepted.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/59423/

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Abstract

The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) pathway mediates many, if not all, responses of fish to dioxin-like compounds. The Southern Ocean is progressively exposed to increasing concentrations of anthropogenic pollutants. Antarctic fish are known to accumulate those pollutants, yet nothing is known about their capability to induce chemical biotransformation via the AHR pathway. The objective of this study was to investigate if Antarctic eelpout, Pachycara brachycephalum, respond to anthropogenic pollutants by activation of the AHR and its target gene cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A), and of superoxide dismutase (SOD) which served as a representative for oxidative stress. We exposed P. brachycephalum to 10 and 100 mg BaP/ kg body weight benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) for 10 days and measured the expression of AHR, CYP1A and SOD in liver tissue via quantitative PCR. We identified two distinct AHR isoforms in the liver of P. brachycephalum. Antarctic eelpout responded to both BaP-exposures by an up-regulation of AHR, SOD and by a particularly strong induction of CYP1A expression, which remained high until day 10 of the exposure time. Our data suggest that P. brachycephalum possesses the potential to upregulate xenobiotic biotransformation pathways, at least at the gene expression level. The time course of the AHR- and CYP1A response points to an efficient but slow xenobiotics metabolism. Moreover, BaP exposure could include adverse effects such as oxidative stress. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Mensch Gesellschaft Umwelt MGU
UniBasel Contributors:Strobel, Anneli and Holm, Patricia
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
ISSN:0730-7268
e-ISSN:1552-8618
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:30 Oct 2018 18:14
Deposited On:15 Oct 2018 18:12

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