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Physical activity and health-related quality of life among schoolchildren from disadvantaged neighbourhoods in Port Elizabeth, South Africa

Salvini, Marina and Gall, Stefanie and Müller, Ivan and Walter, Cheryl and du Randt, Rosa and Steinmann, Peter and Utzinger, Jürg and Pühse, Uwe and Gerber, Markus. (2018) Physical activity and health-related quality of life among schoolchildren from disadvantaged neighbourhoods in Port Elizabeth, South Africa. Quality of Life Research, 27 (1). pp. 205-216.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/59410/

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Abstract

PURPOSE:
The relationship between health-related quality of life (HRQoL), physical activity (PA), and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) among disadvantaged communities in low- and middle-income countries is poorly understood. In South Africa, children from socioeconomically deprived households are at an elevated risk of sedentary lifestyles and poor HRQoL. We examined whether higher self-reported PA and higher CRF levels are associated with better HRQoL in South African schoolchildren from disadvantaged neighbourhoods.
METHODS:
Overall, 832 children aged 8-12 years participated in this cross-sectional study. HRQoL was assessed through five dimensions of the KIDSCREEN-27 tool. Self-reported PA was measured using a single item of the Health-Behaviour of School-Aged Children test, and CRF with the 20-m shuttle run test.
RESULTS:
Higher self-reported PA was significantly and positively related to HRQoL. Significant, but small group differences existed across all dimensions of HRQoL between low and high self-reported PA. No significant associations were observed between CRF levels and HRQoL.
CONCLUSIONS:
Schoolchildren reporting PA of at least 60 min on at least 6 days a week (the recommended minimum) report higher HRQoL than their peers with lower PA levels.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Sport, Bewegung und Gesundheit > Bereich Sportwissenschaft > Sport und psychosoziale Gesundheit (Gerber)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Sport, Bewegung und Gesundheit > Bereich Sportwissenschaft > Sportwissenschaften (Pühse)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Eco System Health Sciences > Health Impact Assessment (Utzinger)
UniBasel Contributors:Steinmann, Peter and Utzinger, Jürg and Salvini, Marina and Gall, Stefanie and Pühse, Uwe and Gerber, Markus and Müller, Iwan Martin
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0962-9343
e-ISSN:1573-2649
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:18 Feb 2019 09:45
Deposited On:02 Feb 2018 14:09

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