Status of insecticide resistance in Papua New Guinea: an update from nation-wide monitoring of anopheles mosquitoes

Koimbu, Gussy and Czeher, Cyrille and Katusele, Michelle and Sakur, Muker and Kilepak, Lemen and Tandrapah, Anthony and Hetzel, Manuel W. and Pulford, Justin and Robinson, Leanne and Karl, Stephan. (2018) Status of insecticide resistance in Papua New Guinea: an update from nation-wide monitoring of anopheles mosquitoes. American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 98 (1). pp. 162-165.

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Insecticide resistance (IR) monitoring is an important component of vector-borne disease control. The last assessment of IR in Papua New Guinea (PNG) was conducted in 2010. Since then, vector populations have been exposed to higher levels of pyrethroids with the continued nation-wide distribution of insecticide-treated nets. Here, we provide an update on phenotypic IR in four highly malaria-endemic areas of PNG. IR against deltamethrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane was assessed using World Health Organization bioassays. A total of 108 bioassays for each insecticide were conducted screening 2,290 adult female anopheline mosquitoes. No phenotypic resistance was observed. Bioassay parameters agreed well with those observed in other studies that used the same assays and insecticides. These results indicate that the three tested insecticides are still universally effective in PNG. Continued IR monitoring (every 1-2 years) in PNG is recommended to detect reduced susceptibility early and adjust guidelines to prevent widespread resistance.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
UniBasel Contributors:Hetzel, Manuel W.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Williams and Wilkins
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:02 Feb 2018 14:07
Deposited On:02 Feb 2018 14:07

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