Persistent organic pollutants in red- and white-blooded High-Antarctic notothenioid fish from the remote Weddell Sea

Strobel, Anneli and Schmid, Peter and Burkhardt-Holm, Patricia and Segner, Helmut and Zennegg, Markus. (2018) Persistent organic pollutants in red- and white-blooded High-Antarctic notothenioid fish from the remote Weddell Sea. Chemosphere, 193. pp. 213-222.

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It has been suggested that High-Antarctic waters, despite their remoteness from human activities, are impacted by anthropogenic pollution, and that the local biota are accumulating the contaminants. At present, no data exist on persistent organic pollutant (POP) body burdens for notothenioid fish inhabiting the High-Antarctic Weddell Sea. We determined the pollutant load in white muscle tissue of red- and white-blooded notothenoids from the Weddell Sea (Trematomus loennbergii and Chionodraco hamatus, respectively), and compared them to our previous measurements of POPs in Low-Antarctic notothenioids. Analytes included various organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polychlorinated biphenyls (indicator (i) PCBs, dioxine-like (dl) PCBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). The analytical concentrations were converted into 2,3,7,8-TCDD toxic equivalents (TEQs). Compared to T.loennbergii, C. hamatus had lower levels of beta-HCH (0.45 vs. 4.5ngg-1 lipid weight), and Sigma iPCBs (30 vs. 39ngg-1 lipid weight), as well as lower levels of Sigma PBDEs (131 vs. 261ngg-1 fresh weight). POP body burdens and TEQs were mostly similar to those of Low-Antarctic notothenioids analysed previously, and not related to the trophic positions of the species. The variations in POP levels between and within High- and Low-Antarctic notothenioids only marginally corresponded to sampling site, ecological differences or trophic levels of the species, and might rather be related to metabolism or age effects. The present findings suggest that fishes of High-Antarctic waters, although this area is more remote and less influenced by local human activities, do not show lower POP body burdens than fishes from Low-Antarctic waters.Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Biologie > Aquatische Ökologie (Holm)
UniBasel Contributors:Holm, Patricia and Strobel, Anneli and Segner, Helmut
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:13 Oct 2018 08:56
Deposited On:13 Oct 2018 08:56

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