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Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors and Cataract Risk: A Case-Control Analysis

Becker, Claudia and Jick, Susan S. and Meier, Christoph R.. (2017) Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors and Cataract Risk: A Case-Control Analysis. Ophthalmology: Journal of The American Academy of Ophthalmology, 124 (11). pp. 1635-1639.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/59042/

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Abstract

Use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) has been associated with an increased cataract risk. We aimed to assess cataract risk after exposure to SSRI or to other antidepressant drugs in a large electronic primary care database.; Case-control study.; The study population was derived from the UK-based Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD). We included patients with first-time cataract aged ≥40 years between 1995 and 2015 and an equal number of cataract-free controls matched on age, sex, general practice, date of cataract recording (i.e., index date), and years of history in the CPRD before the index date.; We conducted conditional logistic regression analyses adjusted for body mass index, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, and systemic steroid use. Exposure of interest was the number of SSRI prescriptions and prescriptions for other antidepressant drugs. We further explored mutually exclusive use of single SSRI substances. In sensitivity analyses, we shifted the index date backwards by 2 years, and we restricted our analyses to cases and controls without a prior glaucoma diagnosis.; Relative risk estimates as odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs).; We identified 206 931 cataract cases and the same number of matched controls. Current long-term use of SSRI (≥20 prescriptions) was not associated with an increased cataract risk (adjusted OR, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.94-1.03). However, in a subset of patients aged 40 to 64 years, we found a slightly increased risk of cataract for long-term SSRI users (adjusted OR, 1.24; 95% CI, 1.15-1.34) compared with nonusers.; In these data, use of SSRI was not associated with an increased risk of cataract. The slightly increased OR for individuals younger than 65 years of age in association with long-term SSRI use needs to be investigated in further studies.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Klinische Pharmazie/Spitalpharmazie (Meier)
UniBasel Contributors:Meier, Christoph R.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0161-6420
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:25 Jun 2018 07:43
Deposited On:25 Jun 2018 07:43

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