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Fullerenes in Space

Maier, J. P. and Campbell, E. K.. (2017) Fullerenes in Space. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 56. pp. 4920-4929.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/58317/

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Abstract

In 1985 the football structure of C60, buckminsterfullerene was proposed and subsequently confirmed following its macroscopic synthesis in 1990. From the very beginning the role of C60 and C60+ in space was considered, particularly in the context of the enigmatic diffuse interstellar bands. These are absorption features found in the spectra of reddened star light. The first astronomical observations were made around one hundred years ago and despite significant efforts none of the interstellar molecules responsible have been identified. The absorption spectrum of C60+ was measured in a 5 K neon matrix in 1993 and two prominent bands near 9583 Å and 9645 Å were observed. On the basis of this data the likely wavelength range in which the gas phase C60+ absorptions should lie was predicted. In 1994 two diffuse interstellar bands were found in this spectral region and proposed to be due to C60+. It took over 20 years to measure the absorption spectrum of C60+ under conditions similar to those prevailing in diffuse clouds. In 2015, sophisticated laboratory experiments led to the confirmation that these two interstellar bands are indeed caused by C60+, providing the first answer to this century old puzzle. Here, we describe the experiments, concepts and astronomical observations that led to the detection of C60+ in interstellar space.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Physikalische Chemie (Maier)
UniBasel Contributors:Maier, John Paul and Campbell, Ewen
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:1433-7851
e-ISSN:1521-3773
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:05 Jan 2018 13:53
Deposited On:05 Jan 2018 13:53

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