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Treatment of dizziness: an interdisciplinary update

Spiegel, Rainer and Rust, Heiko and Baumann, Thomas and Friedrich, Hergen and Sutter, Raoul and Göldlin, Martina and Rosin, Christiane and Müri, René and Mantokoudis, Georgios and Bingisser, Roland and Strupp, Michael and Kalla, Roger. (2017) Treatment of dizziness: an interdisciplinary update. Swiss Medical Weekly, 147. w14566.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/58232/

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Abstract

This review provides an update on interdisciplinary treatment for dizziness. Dizziness can have various causes and the treatment offered should depend on the cause. After reading this article, the clinician will have an overview of current treatment recommendations. Recommendations are made for the most prevalent causes of dizziness including acute and chronic vestibular syndromes, vestibular neuritis, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, endolymphatic hydrops and Menière's disease, vestibular paroxysmia and vestibular migraine, cardiac causes, transient ischaemic attacks and strokes, episodic ataxia type 2, persistent postural-perceptual dizziness, bilateral vestibulopathy, degenerative, autoimmune and neoplastic diseases, upbeat- and downbeat nystagmus. Recommendations include clinical approaches (repositioning manoeuvres), medication (adding, removing or changing current medication depending on aetiology), vestibular physiotherapy, ergotherapy and rehabilitation, treatment of chest pain or stroke units and operative interventions. If symptoms are acute and severe, medication with antivertigo agents is recommended as a first step, for a maximum period of 3 days. Following initial symptom control, treatment is tailored depending on aetiology. To assist the clinician in obtaining a useful overview, the level of evidence and number needed to treat are reported whenever possible based on study characteristics. In addition, warnings about possible arrhythmias due to medications are issued, and precautions to enable these to be avoided are discussed.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Intensivmedizin > Intensivmedizin (Marsch)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Intensivmedizin > Intensivmedizin (Marsch)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Neurologie
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Neurologie
UniBasel Contributors:Sutter, Raoul Christian
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:EMH Schweizerischer Arzteverlag
ISSN:1424-7860
e-ISSN:1424-3997
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:10 Jul 2020 12:30
Deposited On:10 Jul 2020 12:30

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