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Purification of mitotic spindles from cultured human cells

Silljé, Herman H. W. and Nigg, Erich A.. (2006) Purification of mitotic spindles from cultured human cells. Methods, Vol. 38, no. 1. pp. 25-28.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5249361

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Abstract

In eukaryotes, both chromosome segregation and the determination of the cell division cleavage plane depend on the mitotic spindle apparatus. Spindle malfunctioning can lead to chromosome mis-segregation and cytokinesis defects and hence result in aneuploidy. Thus, the understanding of the structure and function of mitotic spindles is of interest not only from the perspective of basic science, but has implications also for human health and disease. Until recently, this complex microtubule-based structure was studied mainly by cell biological techniques in mammalian cells, by biochemical assays in Xenopus egg extracts, and by genetic approaches in genetically tractable organisms such as yeast, flies, and nematodes. With the rapid development of mass spectrometry and its increasing application to biological problems, it has become possible to subject highly complex structures, such as the mitotic spindle apparatus, to proteomics approaches. Such studies require the isolation of the mitotic spindle, or its substructures, in sufficient amounts and free of excessive contaminants. A number of methods for the isolation of mitotic spindles from mammalian tissue culture cells have been developed in the past. We have compared these methods and found that protocols based on the stabilization of microtubules by taxol were most efficient and reproducible. Here, we describe the further optimization of a taxol-based method, originally developed by Zieve and Solomon [Cell 28 (1982) 233-242], and its application to the isolation of human mitotic spindles at a scale suitable for mass spectrometric analysis [G. Sauer, R. Korner, A. Hanisch, A. Ries, E.A. Nigg, H.H.W. Sillje, Mol. Cell. Proteomics 4 (2005) 35-43].
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Cell Biology (Nigg)
UniBasel Contributors:Nigg, Erich A.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Academic Press
ISSN:1046-2023
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:22
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:31

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