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Immunohistochemical investigations of treatment with Ro 13-3978, praziquantel, oxamniquine, and mefloquine in Schistosoma mansoni-infected mice

Panic, Gordana and Ruf, Marie-Thérèse and Keiser, Jennifer. (2017) Immunohistochemical investigations of treatment with Ro 13-3978, praziquantel, oxamniquine, and mefloquine in Schistosoma mansoni-infected mice. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 61 (12). e01142-17.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/57653/

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Abstract

To date, there is only one drug in use, praziquantel, to treat more than 250 million people afflicted with schistosomiasis, a debilitating parasitic disease. The aryl hydantoin Ro 13-3978 is a promising drug candidate with in vivo activity superior to that of praziquantel against both adult and juvenile Schistosoma mansoni organisms. Given the drug's contrasting low activity in vitro and the timing of its onset of action in vivo, it was postulated that immune-assisted parasite clearance could contribute to the drug's in vivo activity. We undertook histopathological studies to investigate this hypothesis. Infected mice were treated with an effective dose of Ro 13-3978 (100 mg/kg of body weight) and were dissected before and after the drug's in vivo onset of action. The veins and livers were excised, paraffin-embedded, and sectioned, and macrophages (IBA-1), neutrophils (Neutro), B cells (CD45R), and T cells (CD3) were stained by immunohistochemistry. For comparison, samples from infected untreated mice and mice treated with effective doses of praziquantel (400 mg/kg), oxamniquine (200 mg/kg), and mefloquine (200 mg/kg) were examined. At 24 h after treatment with Ro 13-3978, significant macrophage recruitment to the veins was observed, along with a modest increase in circulating B cells, and at 48 h, neutrophils and T cells are also present. Treatment with praziquantel and oxamniquine showed similar patterns of recruitment but with comparatively higher cellular levels, whereas mefloquine treatment resulted in minimal cell recruitment until 3 days posttreatment. Our study sheds light on the immediate immune responses to antischistosomal treatment in mice and provides further insight into immune effector mechanisms of schistosome clearance.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology > Helminth Drug Development (Keiser)
UniBasel Contributors:Panic, Gordana and Ruf, Marie-Therese and Keiser, Jennifer
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
ISSN:0066-4804
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:21 Dec 2017 14:39
Deposited On:21 Dec 2017 14:39

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