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Self-help for stress and burnout without therapist contact: An online randomised controlled trial

Hofer, Patriza D. and Waadt, Michael and Aschwanden, Regula and Milidou, Marina and Acker, Jens and Meyer, Andrea H. and Lieb, Roselind and Gloster, Andrew T.. (2017) Self-help for stress and burnout without therapist contact: An online randomised controlled trial. Work & Stress. pp. 1-20.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/57474/

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Abstract

Interventions designed to reduce stress and burnout may be costly and access is limited. This study examined the effectiveness of a self-help book, using Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) to target stress and burnout in a randomised controlled online trial without any therapist contact. Participants were recruited through a newsletter of a health insurance company. Participants ( N = 119) who reported at least moderate levels of stress were randomly assigned to an immediate intervention ( n = 61) or a waitlist group ( n = 58). Measures before and after the intervention assessed stress, burnout (primary outcomes), depression, well-being, emotion regulation (secondary outcomes) and ACT-specific constructs. Compared to the waitlist group, participants in the immediate intervention group reported lower stress and burnout and higher psychological flexibility at post-assessment. Effects between groups were large for stress ( d = 0.9), moderate to large for burnout ( d = 0.5–0.8) and large for psychological flexibility ( d = 0.8). All primary and most secondary outcomes and ACT processes continued to improve in the 3-month-follow-up period. Results suggest that an ACT self-help book without any therapist contact is effective in reducing stress and burnout for various occupations. Thus, it may provide a cost-effective public health intervention for reducing stress and burnout.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Clinical Psychology and Intervention Science (Gloster)
UniBasel Contributors:Gloster, Andrew and Hofer, Patrizia D
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Routledge, Taylor & Francis
ISSN:0267-8373
e-ISSN:1464-5335
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:26 Sep 2018 07:22
Deposited On:05 Feb 2018 16:59

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