A New Astronomically Based Chronological Model for the Egyptian Old Kingdom

Gautschy, Rita and Habicht, Michael E. and Galassi, Francesco M. and Rutica, Daniela and Rühli, Frank J. and Hannig, Rainer. (2017) A New Astronomically Based Chronological Model for the Egyptian Old Kingdom. Journal of Egyptian History, 10 (2). pp. 69-108.

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A recently discovered inscription on an ancient Egyptian ointment jar mentions the heliacal rising of Sirius. In the time of the early Pharaohs, this specific astronomical event marked the beginning of the Egyptian New Year and originally the annual return of the Nile flood, making it of great ritual importance. Since the Egyptian civil calendar of 365 days permanently shifted one day in four years in comparison to the stars due to the lack of intercalation, the connection of a date from the Egyptian civil calendar with the heliacal rising of Sothis is vitally important for the reconstruction of chronology. The new Sothis date from the Old Kingdom (3rd–6th Dynasties) in combination with other astronomical data and radiocarbon dating re-calibrates the chronology of ancient Egypt and consequently the dating of the Pyramids. A chronological model for Dynasties 3 to 6 constructed on the basis of calculated astronomical data and contemporaneously documented year dates of Pharaohs is presented.
Faculties and Departments:04 Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Departement Altertumswissenschaften > Fachbereich Ägyptologie > Ägyptologie (Bickel)
UniBasel Contributors:Gautschy, Rita
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:28 Jun 2018 14:08
Deposited On:28 Jun 2018 14:08

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