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Use of prescription drugs and future delinquency among adolescent offenders

Drazdowski, T. K. and Jaggi, L. and Borre, A. and Kliewer, W. L.. (2015) Use of prescription drugs and future delinquency among adolescent offenders. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 48 (1). pp. 28-36.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/56390/

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Abstract

Non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) by adolescents is a significant public health concern. The present study investigated the profile of NMUPD in 1349 adolescent offenders from the Pathways to Desistance project, and whether NMUPD predicted future delinquency using longitudinal data. Results indicated that increased frequency and recency of NMUPD in adolescent offenders are related to some demographic factors, as well as increased risk for violence exposure, mental health diagnoses, other drug use, and previous delinquency, suggesting that severity of NMUPD is important to consider. However, ANCOVA analyses found that NMUPD was not a significant predictor of drug-related, non-aggressive, or aggressive delinquency 12 months later beyond other known correlates of delinquency. Age, sex, exposure to violence, lower socioeconomic status, more alcohol use, and having delinquency histories were more important than NMUPD in predicting future delinquency. These findings suggest that although NMUPD is an important risk factor relating to many correlates of delinquency, it does not predict future delinquency beyond other known risk factors.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Persönlichkeits- und Entwicklungspsychologie > Entwicklungs- und Persönlichkeitspsychologie (Grob)
UniBasel Contributors:Jäggi, Lena
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0740-5472
e-ISSN:1873-6483
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:02 Nov 2017 11:19
Deposited On:02 Nov 2017 11:19

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