Excrements of Omnivores and Carnivores

Brönnimann, David and Pümpin, Christine and Ismail-Meyer, Kristin and Rentzel, Philippe and Égüez, Natàlia. (2017) Excrements of Omnivores and Carnivores. In: Archaeological Soil and Sediment Micromorphology. New York, pp. 67-81.

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The micromorphological analysis of faecal remains started with the investigation of hyena excrements in connection with cave-sediment studies. In an archaeological context, coprolites of domestic pigs are reported rarely - mostly with uncertain attribution. This apparent lack of pig excrements in archaeological sediments is probably a consequence of the animals' grubbing activities in themselves, of pig husbandry practices and of the remarkable variability of omnivore excrements. Carnivore excrements are characterized by a highly phosphatic, cemented, optically isotropic, strongly autofluorescent groundmass with an undifferentiated b-fabric. Excrements of Canis familiaris are reported regularly in various archaeological contexts. Because of great diversity of human diets, a general description of human excrements proves difficult, especially because well preserved excrement remains seem rare in archaeological contexts. More experimental and interdisciplinary studies will help to increase knowledge about excrements and postdepositional processes in the archaeological record.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Biologie > Integrative Prähistorische und Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie (IPNA)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Ehemalige Einheiten Umweltwissenschaften > Geoarchäologie (Rentzel)
UniBasel Contributors:Pümpin, Christine and Brönnimann, David and Ismail-Meyer, Kristin M. and Rentzel, Philippe
Item Type:Book Section, refereed
Book Section Subtype:Further Contribution in a Book
Publisher:John Wiley & Sons
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Book item
Last Modified:22 Nov 2017 13:26
Deposited On:22 Nov 2017 13:26

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